Venereal disease (VD) was endemic in the early twentieth century; estimates were that 1/10 people would contract syphilis at some point in their lives and perhaps 2-3 times as many people would contract gonorrhea. In spite of these startling facts, VD remained a taboo topic because of the stigma associated with these diseases, censored from the media and polite conversation.
However, in the 1930s, popular attitudes about venereal disease changed dramatically in the United States. Syphilis and gonorrhea became topics that people commonly encountered in their everyday life—in all types of media, at work and school, and in a multitude of public spaces. Newspapers, popular and professional periodicals, radio programs, and other media also covered the issue in greater numbers. Governments at all levels appropriated millions of dollars to help fight these illnesses.
Part of this nationwide campaign to "stamp out" VD were posters, infographics, films, and other visuals to help educate people in order to gain their support and participation in the expanding program to control these illnesses. These visuals help to tell the story of the trajectory of venereal disease in US culture over time, and in doing so speak to broader histories of sex, health, gender, class, race, politics, and popular culture.
The Venereal Disease Visual History Archive is a project to present and make available visual culture materials related to syphilis and gonorrhea from the first half of the twentieth century that are currently scattered among different digital and traditional archives. The primary focus is on sources related to the popular campaign to “stamp out” venereal disease in the 1930s and 1940s.
For a more detailed introduction to the topic, start at "The Campaign to 'Stamp Out' VD" in the navigation. See "Search & Navigation Tips" for information on how best to browse and search through the archive.
"Two Girls I Know What to Meet You in the Worst Way"
This poster conveys that prostitution spreads venereal disease to servicemen. A soldier is labeled "The Young, The Brave, The Strong." The woman…
National Social Hygiene Day (NSHD) Materials
These materials were created to promote National Social Hygiene Day, an annual event organized by the ASHA. See the glossary for more details.
Recently Added Items
"A Blood Test for All PROTECTS YOU against Syphilis"
This poster urges all types of people to have a blood test for syphilis.
"State Laws Protecting Marriage from Syphilis"
This map shows the distribution of state laws requiring premarital syphilis tests in 1944.
Venereal Disease Rapid Treatment Center
This film presents a newly developed Rapid Treatment Center, one of a large system of centers created during the war. It shows the treatment program…
To the People of the United States
This film puts the syphilis problem in the context of the war. It presents the effects of the illness, statistics about how it affects the war effort,…
Syphilis: A Motion Picture Clinic
This film was created to educate physicians about venereal disease. It explains symptoms and how to diagnose syphilis, general control principles,…
Know For Sure
This film begins with the story of a young Italian-American couple whose baby is stillborn due to syphilis. It also tells the story of a young man who…
First Aid Treatment after Exposure to Venereal Disease
This silent film demonstrates the steps for chemical prophylaxis that men can use to prevent VD after having sex.
Personal Hygiene for Young Women
This sexual education silent film addresses exercise and physical health, hygiene, hormones, anatomy, procreation, menstruation, and venereal disease.…
Personal Hygiene For Young Men
This is a sexual education film. It address hormones, anatomy, physical health, masterbation, venereal disease, and abstinence. (Click on the link…